Microsorum


Fern is a very ancient plant that never ceases to amaze with its unusual and very spectacular appearance. Among such plants, there are both species with vayas that are familiar to all, and with very unusual and original ones. Thus, microorum stands out from the number of other ferns for its splendor and originality. The leaves have a very unusual shape, they are wide and wavy. Such shiny leaf plates are collected in a dense, almost tangled plexus. A crocodile pattern on the surface of glossy foliage adds unusualness to the plant itself. So far, this plant can not be found very often, but its popularity is becoming more and more every day. So, it is ideal for decorating both ordinary living rooms and a kitchen or bathroom. It is very easy to care for this fern, plus it is a fast growing plant.

Description of microorum

Having seen the microorum for the first time, everyone admires the density and curliness of its leaves, as well as its spectacular appearance. These plants are not capricious and undemanding to care for. Over the years, they acquire an increasingly spectacular appearance, so slender bushes become very lush and curly. Such a fern will perfectly complement any style of the apartment, while it can decorate almost every room and, importantly, its appearance always retains its uniqueness and individuality. These plants are popularly called "crocodiles", and all because on the surface of their unusual leaf plates there is a mesh vein, which gives a clear external resemblance to the skin of such predators. Such a fern is directly related to the family of the centipede (Polypodiaceae), and its homeland is Oceania, Australia, as well as Southeast Asia.

Compact plants such as Microsorum can be 25 to 50 centimeters tall and also have a creeping rhizome. It is not uncommon for the roots of this plant to crawl out of the soil onto its surface. In length, the leaf plates of microsores reach no more than 60 centimeters, but this is in room conditions. In a wild plant, the length of wai can reach 100 centimeters. Spectacular curtains are formed from sessile or petiolate leaves. Leaf plates can be simple, narrow-elliptical in shape, as well as pinnate, dissected into fairly wide and large lobes (as a rule, there are from 3 to 5 segments).

Young (juvenile) fronds outwardly have a great similarity with such a plant as sorrel. As they grow, the leaves change, while they become dissected, more delicate and spectacular. The surface of the sheet plates is wavy and uneven, while the edge is also unevenly wavy. Such leaves curl, curl, due to which the fern has an unusual curly appearance. Sori, which are reddish-brown spots on the surface of the leaves, are placed along the central vein in a row or on the seamy surface (unevenly). Uncovered sporangia represent the reproductive organ where spores form. They can be both unicellular (in a large number of lower plants and fungi) and multicellular (in higher plants). The word sporangia itself, translated from Greek, means "spóra" - "sowing, seed" and "angéion" - "vessel, receptacle."

Growing microorum at home

Microsorum is suitable for growing both experienced growers and beginners. This genus of plants is not capricious and rather hardy, despite the fact that it requires high humidity. So, if not very big mistakes in care are made, then the plant will recover quickly enough.

Illumination

One of the disadvantages of such a plant, which distinguishes it from other ferns, is light-requiring. The fact is that good lighting is required for its normal growth and development, but do not forget that it must be diffused. So, experienced florists recommend choosing an east or west orientation window for it. In winter, experts advise using supplementary lighting so that the fern retains its spectacular appearance.

At the moment, you can buy microorum in a flower shop, which grows normally in a small partial shade or with light shading. To be sure exactly what degree of illumination the plant needs, ask the seller about it.

Temperature

This fern is very fond of warmth. So, the minimum permissible air temperature in the room where it is located is 20 degrees. The heat is not terrible for them, but hypothermia can lead to death. The recommended temperature is 21-28 degrees. It is worth remembering that the soil in the pot should not be strongly cooled. In order to maintain it at the proper level, it is recommended to put the flower pot on a special stand. This will help to avoid cooling the soil in the container from the windowsill.

Microsorum is a very thermophilic plant and should never be transferred to fresh air in summer. Also, when airing a room, it is imperative to protect the flower from a draft.

How to water

This plant, like other ferns, loves abundant regular watering. But at the same time it is necessary to ensure that no stagnation of liquid occurs in the soil. So, it is recommended to water it in the warm season after the topsoil dries out. For such a plant, short droughts are not terrible. In winter, watering is carried out as soon as a couple of days have passed after the top layer of the substrate dries.

You need to water such a flower with exceptionally soft water. So, the best option would be melt or rainwater.

Air humidity

It grows normally in ordinary flower pots on the windowsill, as well as in humid florariums with paludariums. If microorum grows like a potted plant, then it must be moistened as often as possible (at least 2-3 times) from a spray bottle. Also, in order to increase the humidity of the air, you can pour pebbles into a wide pan or put sphagnum and pour in a little liquid. Humidifiers can also be used.

Fertilizer

You need to feed such a fern only during the growing season, which lasts from April to August (inclusive). This procedure is carried out once every 2-3 weeks. For this, organic, universal complex fertilizers or those designed specifically for ferns are suitable.

Features of transplantation and selection of soil mixture

Microsorum is transplanted, as a rule, after its root system ceases to fit in the pot. As a rule, this procedure is carried out once every 2 or 3 years. This is best done in February – March, when the fern begins to grow intensively.

Such a plant does not need the usual flower pot, but a very low and wide container. So, a flowerpot with legs, a hanging planter, and a decorative stand are perfect for planting it.

For planting, it is recommended to choose a commercial fern soil. You can also prepare the soil mixture yourself, but remember that it must be loose and allow air to pass through well. The optimal composition of the substrate: leaf soil, sand and peat, taken in a ratio of 1: 1: 1 or 2: 1: 1. It is also recommended to add charcoal, moss or pine bark to the finished substrate. The soil pH should be 5.5–7.0.

Before placing a plant in a pot, a good drainage layer is made at its bottom, which should be equal in height to 2-3 centimeters. The transplant must be carried out extremely carefully, since the fern reacts negatively to the slightest damage to its root system. Experienced florists recommend transplanting using the transshipment method. When the plant is transplanted, it must be placed in a shaded place with a fairly high air humidity for 3–7 days. If desired, the plant can be made a greenhouse or a plastic cap.

Pests and diseases

A plant such as microorum is highly resistant to diseases, but very low air humidity can harm it. If a plant infected with scale insects is placed next to the microorum, then these pests can quickly get over to it. It should also be remembered that if you do not regularly moisten the foliage from the sprayer, this can cause a spider mite to settle on the plant. In order to get rid of these harmful insects, experts advise that it is imperative to increase the humidity of the air, and also try to remove them mechanically. If the fern is very heavily infested, then an insecticidal treatment of the appropriate action may be required. Also, infection with such common pests as whiteflies, thrips and mealybugs is not excluded.

As a rule, the flower begins to ache only due to the fact that the rules for caring for it are violated. So:

  1. The tips of the leaf plates dry out - most likely the earthen lump has dried up, it should be watered regularly and abundantly.
  2. The leaves change their color to yellow - overly intense lighting.
  3. The plant stops growing - due to the fact that direct rays of the sun fall on it.
  4. Drying of sheet plates - there is an excessively low air humidity in the room.
  5. The leaves lose their rich color, become pale and lethargic - incorrect application of top dressing to the soil.
  6. The flower grows very slowly or does not grow at all, its leaves lose their spectacular appearance - this usually happens due to the fact that the fern has little light.

Breeding features

Most often, growers propagate microorum by dividing the rhizome. It should be remembered that it is recommended to carry out such a procedure during the transplant process, and this can be done every time. The strips must be left in the fresh air so that the cut sites dry out thoroughly. After that, it is imperative to process such places with crushed charcoal. It is necessary to plant delenki according to the same rules as adult microorums during transplantation.

In very rare cases, growers try to grow such a plant from spores. However, this is a rather laborious and complex process. So, in order for seedlings to appear, it will be necessary to provide the bottom heating of the container. Also, for this, the drying of seed (spores) and its germination on peat are often used, while the container is placed in a darkened place with a sufficiently high air humidity.

Main types

This genus unites about 50 plant species, but at the same time, as a rule, only 3 are grown at home.

Microsorum punctatum

The short rhizome of this plant is creeping. Short petiolate, very tough leaves have a narrow elliptical shape. In height, the formed curtains reach only 30 centimeters and are outwardly similar to sorrel.

Banana microsorum (Microsorum musifolium)

This type is not very popular. Over time, such a plant begins to release shoots that reach 1 meter in length. Its leathery leaves have an unusual appearance. On their surface there are mesh veins, and in this type of foliage, most of all resemble crocodile skin. Also, the leaves are outwardly very similar to banana leaves.

Microsorum diversifolium

The leaves of a rich color are divided into segments from 3 to 5 pieces, which have a wavy-oval shape. If you touch them, you can feel a very pleasant aroma.

Pterygoid microsorum (Microsorum pteropus)

Also, a species called microsorum pteropus is gaining more and more popularity among aquarists. It is widely used to decorate aquariums, or rather their back or middle part.

Microsorum scolopendria

Not so long ago, the species Microsorum scolopendria was especially popular. However, today this plant belongs to the Phymatodes scolopendria family. And that's all, because the frond and the growth form of this plant are more like nephrolepsis, and not microorums.


Origin and description of Drimiopsis

Drimiopsis is native to the tropical forests of South and East Africa, the plant is found in Tanzania, Zanzibar and Kenya. This bulbous perennial is characterized by green leaflets with dark spots.

In nature, Drimiopsis grows in small clumps in the shade of trees

Nondescript buds, painted in all sorts of shades of white, are collected in small inflorescences in the form of spikelets. The flowers exude a pleasant sweetish aroma.

Drimiopsis bush forms with the formation of a small rosette. Leaves growing on short petioles turn tightly at the base of the plant. As they grow, they stretch out, along with the petioles. The flower has oblong bulbs, colored in a green tone. They are not completely immersed in the ground and, with the growth of drimiopsis, are pushed to the surface of the substrate.

Among the people, Drimiopsis received the nickname "little white soldier" for the small inflorescences that appear in the spring. And some gardeners call it a "leopard plant" for its characteristic mottled leaf color.

Drimiopsis flowers are inconspicuous, painted in all sorts of shades of white and collected in inflorescences

During the dormant period, some species of Drimiopsis do not have spots (they appear with the beginning of active growth in spring), because of this they are often confused with another representative of Liliaceae - eucharis. However, in the latter, the leaves are larger and colored in a darker shade. Eucharis bulbs sit deep in the ground, while in drymiopsis they eventually appear above the surface.

A plant with a lighter color of leaves - drymiopsis (left), with a darker color - eucharis (right)

Potted Species

Botanists have described about 20 plant species, but only two are grown as a pot culture.

    Drimiopsis Kirk. Bulbous species. The shape of the bulb is oval. Leaves are dense, oblong. The color of the leaf blades is deep green with dark blotches on the surface and a grayish tint on the inside. The size of the rosette is 20–30 cm. The pedicel height is about 40 cm. The inflorescences-spikelets are small and inconspicuous.

Drimiopsis spotted, speckled or side-shaped. A deciduous bulbous plant with dense, leathery, heart-shaped leaves. The leaf blades are located on short petioles and are painted in a bright green shade with dark rounded specks and specks. Peduncles are long with a spike-shaped inflorescence, consisting of small cream or white flowers. In autumn, during the dormant period in Drimiopsis spotted, the leaves acquire a monochromatic color. And in the spring specks appear again.

Drimiopsis Kirk and spotted (speckled) in the photo

Drimiopsis Kirk has dense oblong leaves

During the rest period, Drimiopsis spotted takes on a monochromatic color.

Dark, rounded specks and streaks give Drimiopsis speckled exotic look


Florist reviews

There was no place for plants in my life before. Only cacti survived. With the advent of the house of kitties, cacti had to be abandoned - they liked them very much, so they constantly injected and dropped the pots on the floor. With the move to a new apartment, I wanted comfort. Then I asked my boyfriend to give me an indoor flower. I don’t know on what basis he chose, but his choice fell on the radermaker. To be honest, I was waiting for some flowering plant. But a gift is a gift. I bought a normal pot and transplanted it. What can I say about him. First, after reading the rules for caring for him, I was horrified.Do not put there, water like this, replant every 3 months and so on ... Horror. Especially for me. But how not to look after a gift from a loved one. It stands on my windowsill, on the sunny side of the apartment (in fact, there are no others), but the sun is still removed due to the balcony. I water it every 3 days. I spray a little from a spray bottle every day. This is where my departure ends. I am not capable of more. But Rademacher does not complain. It grows for its own pleasure, turns green. So I came to the conclusion for myself that all the advice on the Internet is exaggerated and this is not so fastidious creation. And I, in turn, realized that the green plant most successfully fits into my interior. I have it just with a greenish decor. Cats are absolutely not interested in him. They never tried to eat it, never dug the earth in it, and there were no attempts to throw it off the windowsill either. In general, we made good friends with him and now we live as a big family. And I'll try to start a flowering plant later. It seems to me that I am not yet ready for them ...

http://otzovik.com/review_3499239.html

In the store, the flower struck with its greenery. Since I really love decorative leafy plants more than flowering ones, I naturally bought it. In my region, it is inexpensive, I bought it for 230 rubles. I read on the Internet that the radermacher is unpretentious. The saleswoman in the flower shop told me the same thing. My purchase was also influenced by the fact that this flower grows up to 1.5–2 m. It means that I brought it home to the radermaker, put it away from the window, as recommended, since this flower does not tolerate direct sunlight and drafts. So he stood with me for about a week, and then I transplanted him. I couldn't get enough of its greenery and fluffiness ... But after a couple of days, the flower began to shed absolutely healthy green leaves ... Then I began to notice that not only leaves, but whole branches were already falling off. Naturally I went to storm the Internet to see how to solve my problem. It is written that the radermaker begins to shed the leaves due to drafts or due to tobacco smoke. But neither the one nor the other in the room! In general, I have this flower half-bald ... And it is a pity to throw it away, and does not attract with its appearance. Of course, I was told that if the radermacher completely sheds the leaves, new ones will soon begin to grow, but it will no longer be so thick. So I was disappointed.

katrin1792010

http://otzovik.com/review_523419.html

The flowerpot is really very beautiful and does not cause any problems in the care if everything is done correctly. Radermacher is mainly bought as a gift for housewives or women who love to cook and spend all their time in the kitchen. Why? Because this plant grows best in the kitchen. First, it is always now through the eyes of the hostess, and she will never forget to add or spray him with water, which he loves very much. Secondly, the radermacher does not like direct light, but it should be warm and cozy. And thirdly, you need to feed with fertilizer, like any other plant. They also need vitamins and minerals to look beautiful.

http://otzovik.com/review_744775.html

A very pleasant plant. Although it does not bloom, it pleases the eye with abundant greenery and aesthetic appearance. Will decorate any interior. It seemed to me quite unpretentious, but you cannot throw it for a long time, since he loves frequent spraying very much. It is clear that spraying it every day is a very tedious task, but at least once every two or three days. It grew quickly for me, so I had to constantly turn in a circle so that one side would not stretch too much towards the light, but there would be symmetry. In direct sunlight, the radermaker does not feel very well, she needs a bright, but diffused light, so it is better not to put it on the windowsill (also for the reason that drafts are contraindicated for her). Fertilized with the same as all plants - phosphorus, nitrogen, during watering and through spraying. Professional florists promise that a plant, with proper care, can grow up to 2 m, and when it reaches 15 years of age, it can even begin to bloom! Want to check it out?

Agata Kristy

http://otzovik.com/review_2312582.html


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